Famine Burial Ground
The Great Famine of Ireland was a period of starvation, disease and mass emigration between 1845 – 1852. It was caused by the failure of the potato crop. The crop failed many times as it was infected with the potato blight. Potato blight meant none of the crop could be eaten or sold. The crop was useless.
The population of Ireland at this time was 8.2 million. Most people living in Ireland at that time depended on the potato as their main source of food and income. It fell by two million during the Famine. One million people died and a further one million left Irish shores to find a better life.
The main causes of the famine were:
Rise in population.
Subdivision of the land.
Dependence on potatoes. Blight is a disease that attacks and rots potatoes. The blight destroyed the potato crop; those who depended on the potato had no other food. They starved.